The white stuff we all know as sugar is everywhere. Everybody is aware that sugar is not all that good for human health. But its temptation is so strong that no one can refuse to take it. It’s because of its sweet taste. The luring of sweetness is so powerful that we take it so much and cross the red line. And then the problem starts.
What is Sugar?
First of all we’ll have to learn about the structure of sugar, what is sugar? How it is formed, what molecules it consists of and how it absorbs in bloodstream. So, we better understand its effects on our body. Sugar is a carbohydrate, it can be found naturally in different plants.
Sugar is actually Sucrose, a molecular composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Sucrose is a compound, formed when two smaller molecules link up together: fructose and glucose. This is what we all know as refined sugar or table sugar, usually available in small white crystals. And then we have other type of sugar which is naturally present in bread, rice, potatoes and other foods with heavy amount of starch. This sugar is called Maltose, it consists of two molecules of glucose.
I hope you understood basic knowledge about sugar now it’s time to study the effects of sugar on your body.
Energy: Sudden rise and fall
When our body digests sugar, it actually breaks it down into glucose. This glucose then absorbs into bloodstream, it travels through our muscles and tissues to be converted into energy. But when excessive amount of sugar is taken, it causes a quick rise of glucose in bloodstream, you feel extra-energized.
So, to tackle this situation your body releases tons of insulin, and the next moment you feel sluggish. This all phenomenon can cause mood swings, serious cravings and hunger.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
Fructose is the second molecule in the sucrose (sugar). Although it doesn’t accelerate blood sugar but it has some other effects. It is a huge burden on liver because it is the only organ that can metabolize fructose and turn it into glucose, then it converts it into fat and we end up with a fatty liver, a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
When we were kids we were told not to eat much sugar because it causes cavities. So, that was a truth that can’t be denied. When sugar sits in our teeth, it causes more damage than any other food. It creates plaque on our teeth which can dissolve enamel, which leads to cavities. And that’s where tooth decay starts.
Sugar also interferes with absorption of other minerals, vitamins and nutrients that are essential for our body to grow. As the result, we get nutrient deficiency. This trade-off is dangerous especially for the children who need more nutrients than sugar.
Bad effects on Immune System
Most of the bacteria and yeast feed on sugar. As you consume more and more sugar, your body becomes the heaven for them. It makes difficult for the body to fight diseases. Several studies have shown that sugar affects the way your body reacts to diseases.
Sugar affects your hormonal system. Insulin is the most powerful hormone in your body. It’s so powerful that it can wipe-out all the other hormones. And insulin is highly affected by diet. Excessive sugar can drive insulin to behave abnormal. This lead to insulin resistance, once insulin resistance develops, fat, muscle cells, liver don’t respond properly.
Over time, this can lead to serious conditions like diabetes, heart disease, cancer and even stroke. This insulin imbalance can cause polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women. Which is a common cause of infertility, irregular periods and painful periods.
Now you have understood that sugar has some destructive effects on your body. Cutting down an amount of sugar from your daily diet may decrease the chances of these effects. So, it’s better to say no to sugar. Try live with other protein, fiber-rich foods. It isn’t impossible thing to do.
I hope you have learnt something new today. If you have any suggestion or question, comment below, thank you!